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Introduction: Newspapers and Magazines
Hong Kong’s newspaper industry began to flourish in the late Qing dynasty. Besides conveying news, newspapers served as publishing platforms for literature. Although most were commercially run and catered to popular tastes, “Xing zuo” (Constellation) in Singtao Daily and “Qian shui wan” (Repulse Bay) in Hong Kong Times in the early years had art and literature pages that did justice to their status as major newspapers, while the cultural columns of “Xin qu” (New interesting issues) in New Life Evening Post and “Kuai qu” (Instant interesting issues) in Express would sometimes employ newcomers to nurture fresh literary talent. Journals and magazines did not enjoy the popularity of newspapers, but they were in a better position to accommodate culturally sophisticated—as well as avant-garde or experimental—literary works. Niche magazines such as Haowangjiao (Cape of good hope) and Su Ye wenxue (Su Ye literature) went on to become milestones in Hong Kong literary history, while writers also contributed to general interest or cultural magazines like the Chinese Student Weekly, Ming Pao Monthly, Pan Ku Magazine and City Magazine. The boom in literary societies in the 1960s also birthed a number of not-for-sale, in-house magazines in which the literary passion of younger writers left its mark.